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Экономика

Publication date: 30.04.2021
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Aleksandra V. Kulakova , master's degree student
FSBEI of HE “The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration” , Москва г

«Financial Forecasting in Financial Management Strategy: Goals, Objectives, Methods»

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The activity of the enterprise is inseparable from the adoption of managerial decisions. Forecasting is one of the tools that helps management to assess the future performance. Financial forecasting plays a key role in the development of a company's strategy and is an integral part of financial management. This article discusses the tasks and methods of financial forecasting, as well as the factors on the basis of which the choice of forecasting methodology is made for a successful assessment of the financial position of an enterprise and making the right management decisions.

Publication date: 13.05.2021
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Thomas Jere , student
FSFEI of HE "Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation" , Москва г

«Marginal Analysis as the Basis for Decision Making»

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Margin analysis is a very powerful tool for modelling how individual producers and consumers make decisions. The basic idea is that decision makers make choices based on the comparative costs and benefits associated with small changes in a given state of the world. If the marginal benefits of a small change outweigh the marginal costs of that change, the decision maker makes that small change and then re-analyses for the next potential additional change. Margin analysis is an important component in modelling how producers make decisions to maximize profits and how consumers make decisions to maximize utility. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the different aspects of marginal analysis and how it may be applied in management accounting, therefore it encompasses a lot of aspects from how to evaluate actual opportunity costs to profit maximization and how these aspects can be applied in decision making, consequently this research will try to determine and infer whether the concept can be reliably applied in real life scenarios and be able to produce reliable results which can benefit firms to reduce costs and maximize their profits.

Publication date: 30.04.2021
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Thomas Jere , student
FSFEI of HE "Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation" , Москва г

«Comparative Analysis of Two German Banks»

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This article explains results of a comparative to test the performance of two top banks in the German banking industry analysis using a financial ratio analysis method. The main determinants considered are solvency and liquidity indicators, which make it possible to observe the risk behaviour of banks before and after the financial crisis. The hypothesis of the study is that the behaviour of German banks depends on bank-specific variables that affect the institution ’s loan policy. The universal banks in Germany can be divided into three main types of institutions: commercial, public sector and cooperative banks. The analysis is carried out on banks of the same category in a decomposed manner. Deutsche Bank and Commerzbank representing the commercial/Private sector. Checking each Bank separately is carried out to detect the similarities or differences that each bank may have in terms of bank performance. The empirical analysis involves a sample of these German banks observed during 2015–2019.