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Тема номера

Publication date: 18.12.2020
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Chizhov Anton Aleksandrovich , ученик
MBEI “Gymnasium” , Красноярский край
Chizhova Marina Aleksandrovna , candidate of technical sciences , associate professor
Lesosibirsk branch of FSBEI of HE “Reshtnev Siberian State University of Science and Technology” , Красноярский край

«Bionics as the New Required Vector of Development»

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The article analyzes and summarizes the principles of architectural bionics applied to various construction and technical structures. The analysis was carried out in the course of studying the scientific literature on the topic “Bionics. Architectural structures». The purpose of this work is to study the principles of architectural bionics, to study the possibility and effectiveness of their application for solving engineering and technical problems. The main task of the work was to study the directions and principles of development of architectural bionics, to assess the effectiveness of their application for solving technical problems, to find the correspondence of biological systems to construction and technical structures and facilities, to analyze known architectural structures from the point of view of architectural bionics.

Биология

Publication date: 10.12.2020
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Borisova Solomonida Dmitrievna , магистрант
FSBEI of HE "Saint Petersburg State Academy of Veterinary Medicine" , Санкт-Петербург г

«Propagation of Invasive Species with Different Activity Status on Upper Volga Region»

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Heracleum sosnowskyi Manden, a transformer specie, is in the list of species with status I. It actively intrudes natural communities, changes the face of ecosystems. It is an edifier and dominant. It forms thickets over a large area. Displaces germination of other species. Impatiens glandulifera Royle has status II. This is an adventive specie. It is actively spreading and naturalizing in natural and semi-natural habitats. It has been established that the introduction of these species into the territory of the region and their dispersal over its territory proceeds from the south to the northwest and northeast.

История

Publication date: 18.12.2020
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Kravtsova Iuliia Nikolaevna , учитель
“GES №9 named after A. Ya. Lomakin” , Краснодарский край

«Formation and Development of National Educational System in Kuban in 1920-1930 on the Example of Ukrainian and Adyghe Schools»

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The present article analyzes basic peculiarities of the formation and development processes of Ukrainian and Adyghe national educational systems in Kuban under the all-Russian indigenization policy of 1920-1930. The resolution of such problems as: application of education in native language, personnel training, local attitude, the course and the results of aims set as well identification of distinctive feature of indigenization of education of Ukrainian and Adyghe districts.

Publication date: 18.12.2020
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Kravtsova Iuliia Nikolaevna , учитель
“GES №9 named after A. Ya. Lomakin” , Краснодарский край

«General Education Schools of Yekaterinodar and Their Operations in Pre-Revolutionary Period»

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The following article examines the basic features of the formation and development of education in Kuban. Education plays an important role in the life of modern society. The level of scientific and technological progress, economic development, social differentiation of population depends on education. The basic principles of the Russian educational system have been established during the pre-revolutionary period. It was then when rather high requirements of educational-bringing-up process were set.

Медицина

Publication date: 09.12.2020
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Radeva Svetlana , chief obstetrician
Specialized Hospital for Active Treatment of Obstetrics and Gynecology "Prof. Dr. D. Stamatov" , Bulgaria

«Medico-Social Significance of Section Caesarea as the Preferred Method for Birth»

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A caesarean section (CS / SC), also known as a “caesarean section” (C-section; SC), is a surgical procedure in which the birth of a fetus occurs surgically. This procedure is usually used when a normal (vaginal) birth would endanger the life or health of a pregnant woman or a child. According to international medical institutions and WHO the optimal caesarean section rate is between 10% and 15%. The world health organization (WHO) recommends that a caesarean section is performed only on the basis of a valid medical reason. Practice shows that they evaluate cases when a caesarean section is also performed at will (by a pregnant woman) without any medical indications for this. The purpose of this study is to study the attitude of pregnant women to the method of delivery and concious choice in our country. Material and methods: the database of NSI (National statistical Institute) and NHI (National health insurance) was studied, as well as the opinions of 120 pregnant women and 345 women who gave birth. For the needs of the study, a documentary method, a statistical (survey) method, and contextual analysis were used. The study was conducted in August 2019 – May 2020 in the city of Varna.

Педагогика

Publication date: 10.12.2020
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Smirnova Marina Sergeevna , candidate of pedagogical sciences , доцент
Redkina Irina Davidovna , студентка
SAEI of HE "Moscow City University" , Москва г

«Constructing a Lesson on Padlet Platform»

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The possibilities of constructing lessons on the Padlet platform are shown in the article. Attention is drawn to the use of various information resources in the process of designing lessons, as well as teaching technologies. The examples of lessons on the subject “The world around you” in elementary school and a lesson in a foreign language (Chinese) are given.

Publication date: 09.12.2020
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Varnina Anastasiia Sergeevna , bachelor of pedagogical sciences , воспитатель
MBPEI “Kindergarten №114” , Иркутская обл

«Features of Development of Creative Abilities of Senior Preschoolers in Collective Application»

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Resume: the article discusses the theoretical aspects of the concept of creative abilities. The author offers the results of an experiment on the formation of creative abilities in a collective application.

Publication date: 11.12.2020
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Malkov Andrei Alekseevich , bachelor of pedagogical sciences , студент
FSBEI of HPE “Chuvash State Pedagogical University named after I.Yа. Yakovlev” , Чувашская Республика - Чувашия

«Organization of Training Process for Preparation to 10x10 Shuttle Run Exam»

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Analysis of literature sources showed insufficient coverage of the issue of preparation for passing the standards in the exercise Shuttle run 10*10 m. You can find a General description of the exercise, but without specific recommendations, or General recommendations for preparing for the 60 – 100m test. Although the method of preparation for the 60, 100 m competition is similar to the method of preparation for the 10*10 m shuttle run, it still has a number of fundamental differences. This article contains tools, methods, and practical recommendations for preparing for implementation. standard shuttle run 10*10 m.

Социология

Publication date: 10.12.2020
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Soloveva Iuliia Nikolaevna , master of economic sciences , аспирант
FSEI of HE “Pacific State University” , Хабаровский край

«Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to the Study of Social Structure: Western Ideas in Domestic Practice»

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The study of the social structure of society involves the selection of features that determine social stratification. The variety of these features contributes to the emergence of a large number of theoretical and methodological approaches. The article examines the most significant approaches for studying the social structure of Russian society based on the ideas of representatives of Western sociology: from class theories to theories of social stratification. In the process of transformation of society, not only the structure changes, but also the factors influencing it, which leads to the emergence of new approaches for the most complete and accurate analysis.

Технические науки

Publication date: 18.12.2020
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Chizhova Marina Aleksandrovna , candidate of technical sciences , associate professor
Lesosibirsk branch of FSBEI of HE “Reshtnev Siberian State University of Science and Technology” , Красноярский край

«Characteristic Malfunctions of Hydraulic System and Methods of its Elimination Under Restricted Conditions»

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The article discusses some of the problems that occur during the operation of the hydraulic system on logging machines. In the course of fault analysis and practical experience, options for on-site remediation or minimal repairs are suggested to ensure transport to the repair boxes.

Филология

Publication date: 10.12.2020
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Puchkova Anna Viktorovna , bachelor of philological sciences , студент
Balashova Elena Anatolevna , doctor of philological sciences , профессор
FSBEI of HPE "Kaluga State University named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky" , Калужская обл

«Modern Idyll: Scrapping the Genre or Dialogue with Tradition (Based on the Novel-Idyll by A.P. Chudakov "Haze Sets upon the Old Steps")»

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The article deals with the topical issue of the role of the genre canon in the work of A.P. Chudakov "Haze Sets Upon the Old Steps". The subtitle «idyllic novel» indicates a certain interaction with the genre invariant, and therefore the main task of this work is to clarify the purpose of including the idyllic canon in the structure of the novel. As a result, it is concluded that in this work it is worth talking about a dialogue with the canon, since even situations designed to serve as an opposition to idyllic pathos are structurally based on a traditional idyllic plot.

Экономика

Publication date: 11.12.2020
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Kariagin Leonid Aleksandrovich , degree-seeking student , учитель географии
MBEI "Batyrevskaya GES №2" , Чувашская Республика - Чувашия
Zaharova Irina Eduardovna , студентка
FSBEI of HE "Plekhanov Russian University of Economics" , Москва г

«Regional Centre – Towns of Rural Regions»

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The peculiarities of urbanizing processes in rural regions are offered in the article. Their ulterior properties are defined. Regarding such peculiarities of Russian rural regions’ urbanization, it is recommended to assign a status of towns to a more urbanized rural regions, and a status of urban-type settlements to a less urbanized ones.

Publication date: 11.12.2020
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Vyborov Egor Sergeevich , master of economic sciences , магистр
Makarova Olga Iurevna , candidate of economic sciences , доцент
FSBEI of HE “The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration” , Москва г

«Digital Transformation of the B2B Sector: Marketing Aspect»

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This article discusses importance of digital transformation of the B2B sector while the B2C sector shows high growth rates in using digital technologies, only 30% of B2B companies successfully carry out digital transformation. The article presents ways of digital transformation in the field of marketing, reveals the reasons for increasing the importance of the client's holistic experience and offers for digitalization of the B2B sector. Revealing the content of the client's holistic experience, we highlight successful and problematic areas that should allow B2B companies to reorient from a product-centered to a customer-oriented strategy in order to maintain and strengthen their competitive positions.